Author(s): Anil Chandra Jha, Dinesh Panthi and Shailendra Kumar Mishra
Hindu mathematics in the Vedic period (c.3000 B.C. or probably much earlier) is a rich and diverse field that encompasses a wide range of mathematical concepts and techniques. The Vedas are ancient religious texts that contain a vast collection of knowledge, including mathematics. The Śulbasūtras, which are a part of the Vedas, contain instructions for the construction of altars and the performance of sacrificial rituals. In this paper, we explore the mathematical concepts found in the Vedas and Śulbasūtras and their importance in Hindu mathematics. We also examine how these texts provided practical solutions to real-world issues like calculating the area of fields and building altars for religious ceremonies, as well as laying the groundwork for advanced mathematical concepts.