International Journal of Statistics and Applied Mathematics
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International Journal of Statistics and Applied Mathematics

2021, Vol. 6, Issue 4, Part B

The impact of some socio-demographic factors on the HIV infection among pregnant women in Akwa Ibom state


Author(s): Unyime Patrick Udoudo, Emmanuel John Ekpenyong and Uchechukwu George

Abstract: The study access the impact of some socio-demographic factors on the HIV/AIDS infection among pregnant women in Akwa Ibom State using a binary response regression model (logistic model).The data for this study was collected from University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, and Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. The data were collected for a period of three years from 2010 to 2012. The data showed the HIV status of 5902 pregnant women who visited the hospital together with their socio-economic characteristics: age, marital status, employment status, place of residence, level of education. From the result of the analysis marital status, place of residence and level of education has a negative relationship with the probability of a pregnant woman having a positive HIV status as shown by their corresponding coefficients which are-1.0471 for marital status, -0.1261 for place of residence and - 0.0612. Age, employment status has a positive relationship with the probability of the pregnant women having a positive HIV status. Together all the regressor have a significant impact on the HIV status of pregnant women at 10% level of significance as shown by LR statistic which is 10.09 with a probability value of 0.07. The R2 = 0.0213 showed that 2.13% of the variation in the dependent variable can be explained by the explanatory variables. It is therefore recommended that efforts should be made to encourage people generally to be married especially the adults that are already sexually active so that they will likely be limited to their partners. Also, people should be encouraged to get educated as this will bring enlightenment that will equip them with adequate knowledge about HIV. In addition, more enlightenment programme on the prevention of this scourge (HIV) should be carried down to the rural areas as our study has shown that pregnant women living in rural areas are prone to HIV infection than those living in rural areas.

Pages: 101-103 | Views: 47 | Downloads: 10

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How to cite this article:
Unyime Patrick Udoudo, Emmanuel John Ekpenyong, Uchechukwu George. The impact of some socio-demographic factors on the HIV infection among pregnant women in Akwa Ibom state. Int J Stat Appl Math 2021;6(4):101-103.
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